The popularity of Bitcoin has soared in recent years. As a result, the quantity of hacking events has risen. Given that many investors are non-techies who are unfamiliar with how to keep their funds safe, hackers have been devising innovative ways to steal money. Some attacks re-route tokens destined for one wallet to another. The victims see their funds being snatched away from them, with nothing they can do about it. 

Bitcoins are stored in a digital wallet, much like cash or cards are kept in a physical wallet. Bitcoins may be kept in either a hardware-based or web-based digital wallet. The wallet may also be stored on a smartphone, a computer desktop, or kept safe by printing out the private keys and addresses needed for access. But how secure are any of these digital wallets? 

Bitcoin has no central authority, so each wallet holds a set of secret keys that the bitcoin owner cannot access without permission. The most serious risk associated with bitcoin security is that the private key may be lost or stolen by an individual user. Keep reading to learn about the types of digital wallets: 

Hot wallets 

Online wallets are also known as “hot” wallets. Hot wallets, which operate on internet-connected devices such as PCs, cell phones, and tablets, are examples of online wallets. Because these wallets generate the private keys to your coins on internet-connected devices, they may be vulnerable. 

Hot wallets are useful since they allow you to access and make transactions with your assets quickly, but they are not secure. It’s possible that these wallets are vulnerable to attack, and it’s entirely likely that attackers will exploit them. Using a hot wallet without enough security is risky because it allows users to steal money from others without their knowledge or consent. This isn’t something that happens regularly, and it might occur in a variety of ways. 

For example, declaring how much Bitcoin you have on a public forum while using little to no security and keeping it in a hot wallet is not recommended. Cold wallets are designed to store tiny amounts of cryptocurrency. A hot wallet is comparable to a checking account. According to conventional financial advice, only keep money in a checking account while the bulk of your funds are kept in savings accounts or other investment accounts. Hot wallets include mobile and desktop wallets as well as web and exchange custody wallets. Your money would be lost in the event of a successful cyber-attack on the exchange or when your account is compromised. 

Cold wallets 

The safest approach to store money is in a cold wallet. A cold wallet is simply defined as a wallet that isn’t connected to the internet, so it has a lower chance of being hacked. These are known as offline or hardware wallets. Digital wallets with offline access are kept on a computer that is not connected to the internet and generally include software that works in parallel so that users may keep track of their portfolio without putting their private key at risk.  

A paper wallet is the most secure way to keep cryptocurrency offline. That wallet may be created off of certain websites, according to the instructions on the website. You must have that piece of paper in order to access the funds in these addresses. A hardware wallet is a USB drive that holds the user’s private keys safely. This has significant benefits over hot wallets because it is unaffected by viruses on your computer since no private keys are in touch with your network-connected computer or potentially problematic software. 

What about physical coins? 

Yes, Bitcoin investors can actually purchase such physical coins. A tamper-proof sticker with a predetermined amount of Bitcoin will be applied to the coin you purchase.  

You will, however, have to pay a premium over and above the Bitcoin value you’re purchasing in order to acquire the actual coin. This is due to the fact that making and transporting the coin itself incurs an expense. 

Data backup 

Make regular backups of your bitcoin wallet. If a computer failure occurs, the currency in the digital wallet might be saved by keeping a record of frequent backups.  

You should make sure to back up all of your wallet’s data files and then store the backup at multiple secure locations (such as on a USB, on the hard drive, or on CDs). Furthermore, protect the backup with a strong password.